Chlorzoxazone and Acetaminophen
ACTION AND USE. This drug combina-
tion is used the same as methocarbamol. This
agent combines an analgesic with a muscle
USUAL DOSE. 2 tablets four times daily.
Orphenadrine, Aspirin, and Caffeine
ACTION AND USE. This combination is
also used the same as methocarbamol. This drug
has an analgesic-anti-inflammatory agent (aspirin)
and a CNS stimulant included in its formulation.
USUAL DOSE. 1 to 2 tablets three or four
Cardiovascular drugs comprise a large group
that affect the action of the circulatory system.
Most of these agents are highly specialized and
will be listed according to their principal action.
Digitoxin (Crystodigin, Purodigin)
ACTION AND USE. Digitoxin has a direct
effect on the myocardium, causing an increase in
the force of contraction. It is indicated for all
degrees of congestive heart failure and for various
USUAL DOSE. The average digitalizing
dose is given intravenously (1.2 to 1.6 mg).
Maintenance dosage range is from 0.05 to 0.3 mg
ACTION AND USE. This drug is used the
same as digitoxin.
USUAL DOSE. Digitalization is individ-
ualized for each patient for optimum response.
The maintenance dosage range is from 0.125 to
0.5 mg daily, It is available as tablets, pediatric
elixir, capsules, and injections.
ACTION AND USE. Quinidine sulfate is
indicated for premature atrial and ventricular
contractions and other arrhythmias.
USUAL DOSE. Normal range is 200 to 600
mg three or four times daily. NOTE: DO NOT
CONFUSE WITH QUININE SULFATE, AN
These drugs produce vasodilation by relaxing
the smooth muscle of the arteries, thereby lower-
ing the blood pressure. This fall in blood pressure
is the most important pharmacological action
Amyl nitrite is used occasionally for cardiac
patients. This drug is primarily used for the
prevention of erection in urological adult male pa-
tients following circumcision.
Nitroglycerin (Nitrostat, Nitro-Bid)
ACTION AND USE. Nitroglycerin is in-
dicated for the treatment and management of
acute and chronic angina pectoris.
USUAL DOSE. It is available as sublingual
tablets, buccal tablets, sustained-release tablets
and capsules, topical ointment, and topical pat-
ches. Nitroglycerin is also available in the injec-
tion form. Sublingual tablets are to be kept in the
original container, tightly closed. Usual dose for
the sublingual tablets is 1 tablet sublingually every
5 minutes up to 3 tablets in a 15 minute period
during an angina attack. If there is no relief at
that time, the patient should contact a physician.
Other nitroglycerin dosages are individualized to
meet the patients needs.
Isosorbide Dinitrate (Isordil, Sorbitrate)
ACTION AND USE. This drug is similar to
nitroglycerin in its antianginal action.
USUAL DOSE. 2.5 to 10 mg, up to 30 mg
every 4 to 6 hours sublingually as a prophylaxis.
It is available as sublingual tablets, chewable
tablets, oral tablets, and sustained-release tablets
ACTION AND USE. Pyridamole is possibly
effective for long-term therapy of chronic angina
pectoris. It is not intended to abort the acute