military operations or activities. Generally, this means
members of a military force, with certain exceptions,
and civilian personnel who are actually engaged in
Noncombatants include all others (e.g., civilians
not engaged in hostilities, medical personnel,
chaplains, other persons you capture or detain, and
people who surrender, are captured, shipwrecked,
sick, or wounded).
GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND
The general principles and guidelines include:
Only combatants are proper targets. Non-
combatants must not be attacked.
Do not cause destruction beyond the
requirements of your mission.
Do not attack protected property (e.g., buildings
dedicated to religion, art, sciences, or charitable
purposes; historical monuments; hospitals and
places where the sick and wounded are collected
and cared for; schools and orphanages).
Do not shoot at the Red Cross.
Do not hide behind the medical service symbols.
Do not shoot at a parachute, unless, it is a
Do not fire at shipwrecked personnel in the
Do not alter your weapons or ammunition to
increase enemy suffering.
Figure 13-27.Two-person arm carry.
Let enemy personnel surrender.
Treat all captives and detainees humanely.
Provide medical care for sick and wounded
Do not take personal property from captives.
Do not violate civilian rights in war zones.
Do not steal or burn civilian property.
The law of armed conflict has special applications
for medical personnel. These applications include: do
not shoot at the Red Cross and do not hide behind the
medical service symbols.
Do Not Shoot at the Red Cross
Medical and religious personnel and facilities are
usually marked with the Red Cross on a white
background. However, some countries use different
distinctive emblems to designate their medical service
personnel and facilities. For example, Turkey and most
other Moslem countries use the Red Crescent. Other
countries may use different red symbols on a white
background that are not recognized by international
conventions as protective symbols; e.g., Israel uses the
Red Shield of David. Nevertheless, all persons or
objects so marked are to be treated with care and
Whether or not they are marked with a protective
symbol, you must not fire at any person or object that
you recognize as being a medical or religious person or