Figure 13-27. - Two-person arm carry.
military operations or activities. Generally, this means members of a military force, with certain exceptions, and civilian personnel who are actually engaged in hostilities.
Noncombatants include all others (e.g., civilians not engaged in hostilities, medical personnel, chaplains, other persons you capture or detain, and people who surrender, are captured, shipwrecked, sick, or wounded).
The general principles and guidelines include:
Only combatants are proper targets. Non- combatants must not be attacked.
Do not cause destruction beyond the requirements of your mission.
Do not attack protected property (e.g., buildings dedicated to religion, art, sciences, or charitable purposes; historical monuments; hospitals and places where the sick and wounded are collected and cared for; schools and orphanages).
Do not shoot at the Red Cross.
Do not hide behind the medical service symbols.
Do not shoot at a parachute, unless, it is a paratrooper.
Do not fire at shipwrecked personnel in the water.
Do not alter your weapons or ammunition to increase enemy suffering.
Let enemy personnel surrender.
Treat all captives and detainees humanely.
Provide medical care for sick and wounded captives.
Do not take personal property from captives.
Do not violate civilian rights in war zones.
Do not steal or burn civilian property.
The law of armed conflict has special applications for medical personnel. These applications include: do not shoot at the Red Cross and do not hide behind the medical service symbols.
Medical and religious personnel and facilities are usually marked with the Red Cross on a white background. However, some countries use different distinctive emblems to designate their medical service personnel and facilities. For example, Turkey and most other Moslem countries use the Red Crescent. Other countries may use different red symbols on a white background that are not recognized by international conventions as protective symbols; e.g., Israel uses the Red Shield of David. Nevertheless, all persons or objects so marked are to be treated with care and protection.
Whether or not they are marked with a protective symbol, you must not fire at any person or object that you recognize as being a medical or religious person or facility. 13-28