Stretchers may also be improvised by using two
long poles (about 7 feet long) and any strong cloth,
such as a rug, blanket, sheet, mattress cover, two or
three gunny sacks, or two coats.
Many improvised stretchers do not give
sufficient support to be used in cases where
there are fractures or extensive wounds.
EMERGENCY RESCUE LINES.The steel
wire lifeline can be used to haul a casualty to safety. An
emergency rescue line can also be made from a strong
fiber line. Both are used only in extreme emergencies,
when no other means are available to move a casualty.
FIREMANS CARRY.One of the easiest ways
to carry an unconscious casualty is by means of the
firemans carry. Figure 13-23 shows the procedures
described in the following steps:
1. Turn the casualty so he/she is lying face down
(see A in fig. 13-23). Kneel on one knee at the patients
head, facing the casualty. Pass your hands under the
patients armpits; then slide your hands down the back.
2. Raise the casualty to his/her knees (see B in fig.
13-23). Take a better hold across the patients back.
3. Raise the casualty to a standing position, and
stick your right leg between the patients legs (see C in
fig. 13-23). Grasp the patients right wrist in your left
hand and swing the casualty around the back of your
neck and down your left shoulder.
4. Stoop quickly and pull the casualty across your
shoulders. At the same time, put your right arm between
the patients legs (see D in fig. 13-23).
5. Grasp the patients right wrist with your right
hand and straighten up (see E in fig. 13-23).
TIED-HANDS CRAWL.The tied-hands
crawl, shown in figure 13-24, may be used to drag an
unconscious casualty for a short distance; it is
particularly useful when you must crawl underneath a
To carry a casualty by this method, lie the patient
flat on his/her back. Cross the patients wrists and tie
them together. Kneel astride the casualty and lift the
patients arms over your head so his/her wrists are at
the back of your neck. When you crawl forward, raise
your shoulders high enough so that the casualtys head
will not bump against the deck or ground.
BLANKET DRAG.The blanket drag can be
used to remove a casualty who is so seriously injured
that the person should not be lifted or carried by one
Figure 13-23.Firemans carry.