Figure 13-20.Stokes stretcher.
Figure 13-21.Army litter.
the head and shoulders. The casualty should be
lowered gently onto the stretcher and be made as
comfortable as possible. The feet must be fastened to
the end of the stretcher so they will not slide down.
Another blanket (or more, if necessary) should be used
to cover the casualty. The casualty must be fastened to
the stretcher by means of straps that go over the chest,
hips, and knees. Make sure the straps go over the
blanket or other covering, to hold it in place.
ARMY LITTER.The Army litter (fig. 13-21)
is a collapsible stretcher made of canvas and supported
by wooden or aluminum poles. It is useful for
transporting battle casualties in the field. However,
because it is sometimes difficult to fasten the casualty
onto the Army litter, its use is limited aboard ship. It is
most useful aboard ship in mass casualty situations to
hold casualties in one stationary area. The litter is
designed so its legs keep the patient off the ground and
fit into the restraining tracks of a jeep or field
ambulance to hold the litter in place.
stretchers should be used whenever possible to
transport a seriously injured person. If no stretcher is
available, you may have to improvise. Shutters, doors,
boards, and even ladders may be used as stretchers. An
improvised stretcher must be well padded and great
care must be taken to see that the casualty is fastened
securely in place.
Sometimes a blanket may be used as a stretcher
(fig. 13-22). The casualty is placed in the middle of the
blanket on his/her back. Three or four people kneel on
each side and roll the edges of the blanket toward the
casualty (see A in fig. 13-22). When the rolled edges
are tight and large enough to grab securely, the
casualty can be lifted and carried (see B in fig. 13-22).
Figure 13-22.Blanket used as an improvised stretcher.