and continue to fold until a 2 inch width is obtained (fig. 4-39).
CRAVAT BANDAGE FOR HEAD. This bandage is useful to control bleeding from wounds of the scalp or forehead. After placing a compress over the wound, place the center of the cravat over the compress and carry the ends around to the opposite side; cross them, continue to carry them around to the starting point, and tie in a square knot.
Figure 4-39.Cravat bandage.
CRAVAT BANDAGE FOR EYE. After applying a compress to the affected eye, place the center of the cravat over the compress and on a slant so that the lower end is inclined downward. Bring the lower end around under the ear on the opposite side. Cross the ends in back of the head, bring them forward, and tie them over the compress (fig. 4-40).
Figure 4-40.-Cravat bandage for the eye.
CRAVAT BANDAGE FOR TEMPLE, CHEEK, OR EAR. After a compress is applied to the wound, place the center of the cravat over it and hold one end over the top of the head, carry the other under the jaw and up the opposite side, over the top of the head, and cross them at right angles over the temple on the injured side. Continue one end around over the forehead and the other around the back of the head to meet over the temple on the uninjured side. Tie the ends in a square knot. This bandage is also called a Modified Barton (fig. 4-41).
CRAVAT BANDAGE FOR ELBOW OR KNEE. After applying the compress, and if the injury or pain is not too severe, bend the elbow or knee to a right angle position before applying the bandage. Place the middle of a rather wide cravat over the point of the elbow or knee, and carry the upper end around the upper part of the elbow or knee, bringing it back to the hollow, and the lower end entirely around the lower part, bringing it back to the hollow. See that the bandage is smooth and fits snug; then tie in a square knot outside of the hollow (fig. 4-42).
CRAVAT BANDAGE FOR ARM OR LEG. The width of the cravat you use will depend upon the extent and area of the injury. For a small area, place a compress over the wound and center the cravat bandage over the compress. Bring the ends around in back, cross them, and tie over the compress. For a small extremity it may be necessary to make several turns around to use all the bandage for tying. If the wound covers a larger area, hold one end of the bandage above the compress and wind the other end spirally downward across the compress until it is secure, then upward and around again, and tie a knot where both ends meet (fig. 4-43).