Alveolar osteitis, also known as dry socket,
results when a normal clot fails to form in the
socket of a recently extracted tooth. Since this
condition is usually very painful, always
consider it a serious emergency.
Pain in fractured teeth usually results from the
irritation of the pulp tissue. Additional infor-
mation concerning the types of fractures is
contained in chapter 6 of the Dental Technician
Training Manual, Volume 1, NAVEDTRA
Each service members military dental treatment
record consists of a Dental Record Jacket, NAVMED
6150/21-30, containing dental treatment forms. The
form used to record dental treatment is EZ603A. It is
imperative that all forms documenting patient care
contain adequate treatment information. Additional
information concerning dental forms is contained in
chapter 2 of the Dental Technician Training Manual,
Volume 2, NAVEDTRA 12573; and chapter 6 of the
Manual of the Medical Department, NAVMED P-117.
When dental emergencies occur and dental
facilities are not readily available, medical personnel
are expected to perform basic emergency dental care.
This section has provided basic information on
fundamental dental histology and a variety of dental
conditions. We also discussed the importance of dental
record maintenance and dental forms used by medical
Prevention and control of disease are considered the
most desirable means of maintaining good health.
Information included in this overview should provide you
with a general knowledge of the principles and practices of
the Navys Preventive Medicine afloat and ashore. This
information is discussed in detail in the Manual of Naval
Preventive Medicine, NAVMED P-5010.
Sanitation is defined as the formulation and
application of measures designed to protect (military)
public health, and the disposal of waste. The goal of
the Navys sanitation program is to provide personnel
with a clean and healthy work and living environment.
Because of the close living quarters in the Navy,
particularly aboard ships, personal hygiene is of
utmost importance: Uncleanliness or disagreeable
ordor will surely affect the morale of your shipmates.
Disease and other health problems can spread and
rapidly affect an entire compartment or division. Good
personal hygiene promotes health and prevents
You are responsible for presenting health
education training programs to the personnel in your
unit, including information on the basics of personal
hygiene, and proper exercise, sleep, and nutritional
Sanitation of Living Spaces
You, as the MDR, perform sanitation inspections
and provide recommendations to the commanding
officer. The living spaces, their inspection, and living
space cleaning and maintenance practices are
discussed in detail in the Manual of Preventive
Medicine, NAVMED P-5010.
Factors that can effect habitability of working and
berthing spaces are air ventilation, heating, and air
Measurements of thermal stress are used to monitor
environmental conditions in which personnel work, live,
and exercise. Monitoring environmental conditions is
crucial to maintaining a safe environment for personnel.
For more detailed information on the items discussed in
this section, you should refer to Manual of Naval
Preventive Medicine, NAVMED P-5010.
VECTOR AND PEST CONTROL
A vector is any animal capable of transmitting
pathogens or producing human or animal discomfort
or injury. Some of the commonly encountered vectors
are insects, arthropods (insects with hard, jointed
exoskeleton and paired, jointed legs), and rodents.
Pests, on the other hand, are organisms (insects,
rodents, fungi, bacteria, snakes, etc.) that adversely
affect military operations and the well-being of man
and animal; attack real property, supplies, and
equipment; or are otherwise undesirable. For more
detailed information on the items discussed in this