FIRST AID EQUIPMENT, SUPPLIES, RESCUE, AND
This chapter will discuss first aid equipment and
supplies, and the rescue and transportation of the
injured patient. As a Hospital Corpsman, you will be
expected to recognize the uses and application
procedures for dressings and bandages, and to be able
to identify the protective equipment needed in specific
emergencies, along with where and when to use it.
In this chapter, you will learn the phases of a rescue
operation and the stages of extrication. You will also
learn the precautionary steps that must be taken in
special rescue situations. You will learn to recognize
the different patient-moving devices and lifting
techniques. Additionally, this chapter will familiarize
y o u w i t h t h e v a r i o u s f o r m s o f e m e rg e n c y
transportation, and you will learn to identify essential
basic life support supplies on Navy ambulances.
Finally, this chapter will give you the preparatory, en
route, and turnover procedures for patients being
transported to medical treatment facilities.
FIRST AID EQUIPMENT AND
LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Identify initial
equipment and supply needs.
In a first aid situation, the Corpsman must always
be ready to improvise.
In many field emergency
situations, standard medical supplies and equipment
may not be immediately available, or they may run out.
When medical supplies and equipment are available,
they will probably be found in an ambulance or in the
field medical Unit One Bag.
Navy ambulances are stocked in accordance with
BUMEDINST 6700.42, Ambulance Support. Table
3-1 lists equipment currently required for EMT-Basic
level ambulances. Table 3-2 lists the contents of an
emergency bag that a Hospital Corpsman might find in
When assigned to Marine Corps Units, Hospital
Corpsmen carry their medical equipment and supplies
in a special bag. It is referred to as a Unit One Bag.
The Unit One Bag is made of nylon, weighs about 9
pounds, has an adjustable carrying strap, and contains
four strong compartments. The contents of the Unit
One Bag are listed below in table 33.
Unique operational requirements or command
decisions may modify the make-up of these lists. As a
Corpsman, it is up to you to be familiar with the
emergency medical equipment at the command, since
a call may come at a moments notice and you may
have to use these items to help save or sustain a life.
DRESSINGS AND BANDAGES
LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Recognize the
uses and application procedures for dressings
There are many different types of dressings and
bandages. You should be familiar with the various
standard dressings and bandages, their respective
functions, and their proper application in first-aid and
DEFINITION OF A DRESSING
A dressing is a sterile pad or compress (usually
made of gauze or cotton wrapped in gauze) used to
cover wounds to control bleeding and/or prevent
Dressings should be large
enough to cover the entire area of the wound and to
extend at least 1" in every direction beyond the edges.
If the dressing is not large enough, the edges of the
wound are almost certain to become contaminated.
Figure 31 shows several commonly used styles of
Any part of a dressing that is to come in direct
contact with a wound should be absolutely sterile (that
is, free from microorganisms). The dressings that you
will find in first aid kits have been sterilized. However,
if you touch them with your fingers, your clothes, or
any other unsterile object, they are no longer sterile. If
you drag a dressing across the victims skin or allow it