Hemostatic forceps (fig. 5-12) look very much like
needle-holder forceps. The main difference is that the
beaks of the hemostatic forceps are longer and more
slender. They also have both curved and straight
beaks, and there is a locking device on the handle to
keep the beaks closed. These forceps are used in
surgery to control hemorrhage by clamping or
constricting blood vessels. In dental surgery, they are
more commonly used to remove bits of debris, such as
bone chips or parts of teeth, from the oral cavity.
Tissue forceps (fig. 5-13) look like cotton forceps,
but they have two very small, sharp-pointed extensions
that form a W-shape when in the closed position.
Although the tissue forceps are used in oral surgery to
grasp and stabilize loose tissue ends during suturing
procedures, they are mainly used to hold tissue being
CUTTING INSTRUMENTS USED IN
When most people hear the word "surgery," the
first thing they think about is the cutting of the body
Figure 5-12.Hemostatic forceps.
with scalpels. Scalpels are not the only cutting
instrument used in surgery, particularly dental
surgery; for instance, curettes, chisel, rongeur forceps,
and bone files are also used in some cutting functions.
While surgical curettes are not strictly cutting
instruments, they must do some cutting. Curettes are
sharp, spoon-shaped instruments used to clean out
infected cavities in bone and remove debris from the
tooth sockets. They come in many sizes and in straight
or angled shapes. The type used depends on the nature
of the socket, curvature of the roots that were in the
socket, and the location of the cavity. The single-
ended Molt curettes have large handles. They are the
straight #2 and #4 and the paired, angled #5L and #6R
(L for left, and R for right). They are shown in figure
5-14. Other curettes in dental surgery may be double-
ended and have slender handles.
Surgical chisels may also be classified as cutting
instruments. Like surgical burs, chisels are used to
remove bone and to split teeth. Because their cutting
Figure 5-13.Tissue forceps.
Figsure 5-14.Single-ended surgical curettes.