edge in the same manner. After the dentist and
scrub assistant are draped, the circulating
assistant will drape the patient.
Draping The Patient
The drapes remaining in the drape pack are for the
patient. The drape pack consists of a body drape, head
drape, and four sterile towel clamps. Additional drapes
may be used, depending on the preference of the
dentist. The scrub assistant will drape the patient in the
1. Grasp the corners of the body drape. Lift it up
and away from the pack, allowing it to unfold.
Hold the drape so that a small cuff is formed
across the top. Be sure that the drape does not
come into contact with unsterile items. Do not
shake the drape.
2. Carry the drape to the patient and place the top
edge directly under the patient's chin and over
the shoulders. The remainder of the drape
should cover the patient's chest and upper
3. Grasp the corners of the head drape and remove
from the pack in the same manner as the body
drape. The cuffed portion of the inner drape
should be up and folded away from you.
4. Place the top of the drape over the headrest of
the dental chair (fig. 5-56).
Figure 5-56.Top of the head drape placed over the headrest.
5. Grasp the inner drape by the corners and draw
the left side of the drape over the patient's left
eye and the bridge of the nose. Then draw the
right side of the drape over the patient's right eye
and the bridge of the nose. Using a sterile towel
clamp, fasten the two sides of the head drape
6. Using a sterile towel clamp, fasten the left side
of the head drape to the left side of the body
drape; then do the same thing on the right side.
The patient is now completely draped and ready
for the surgical procedure.
Surgical procedures cover the duties of the
circulating assistant and the scrub assistant during
the procedure. Because of the importance of
maintaining asepsis in the operating room, this section
will begin with a discussion of certain rules of the
RULES OF THE ASEPTIC TECHNIQUE
These rules are designed to help you avoid
contaminating instruments and materials during oral
surgery. By following them closely, you will greatly
reduce the possibility of introducing cross-
contamination into the oral cavity during the surgical
1. An article is either sterile or unsterile. If there is
any doubt, consider the article unsterile and
discard it immediately.
2. Do not open a sterile pack or container until the
article(s) is/are required.
3. If you are the circulating assistant, touch only
the outside edges of the wrapper when opening
a sterile pack. Take care when unfolding the
wrapper so that the inside does not brush
against your clothing. If you are the scrub
assistant, never touch the outside of a pack.
4. Wear sterile gloves and change gloves if they
become punched or torn. Make sure you
discard the contaminated gloves.
5. Remove sterile articles from a pack or a
container by lifting them straight up and out.
Never drag an article over the edge of a pack or
6. Once an article is removed from a sterile pack
or a container, do not place it back in the pack.