Figure 1-37. - Typical maxillary anterior occlusal radiograph.
and bitewing packets, the occlusal packet contains two X-ray films. This allows different developing times to be used for these films. The finished radiographs can then be compared for diagnostic purposes.
Occlusal radiographs are exposed using the bisected angle technique.
Maxillary occlusal radiographs are taken by using the following procedures:
1. Set the X-ray machine at 10 mA, 90 kVp, and 60 impulses (1 second). (Reduce the kilovoltage 5 kVp if the arch is edentulous. Use 70 kVp if the patient is a child.)
2. Position the patient so that the ala-tragus line is parallel with the floor, and the mid-sagittal plane is perpendicular to the floor.
3. Place the film in the patient's mouth. Occlusal films are normally very comfortable. Have the patient relax the muscles of the mouth and cheek as much as possible. The pebbled surface of the packet should be toward the occlusal surfaces of the maxillary teeth, and the narrow side of the packet toward the patient's cheeks. To place the packet, retract one corner of the patient's mouth until the packet can be inserted. Position the packet far enough in the mouth so that it covers all the teeth. Special care must be taken to avoid gagging the patient. Have the patient close gently but firmly on the packet to hold it in place.
4. Position the tube head.
a. For maxillary anterior occlusal radiographs, set the vertical angulation of the tube head at +65°. Center the tube head cylinder on the bridge of the
Figure 1-38. - Projection of central ray (CR) for maxillary anterior occlusal radiographs.
patient's nose so that the central X-ray beam will be projected as shown in fig. 1-38.
b. For maxillary posterior occlusal radiographs, set the vertical angulation of the tube head at +75°. Center the tube head at the top of the patient's nose so that the central X-ray beam will be projected as shown in fig. 1-39.
5. Make the exposure.
Mandibular occlusal radiographs are taken by using the following procedures:
1. Program the X-ray machine for 10 mA, 90 kVp, and 60 impulses (1 second). (Reduce the kVp setting for edentulous patients and children as discussed earlier.)
Figure 1-39. - Projection of central ray (CR) for maxillary posterior occlusal radiographs.Continue Reading