between them. However, the difference is explainable
by continued treatment and no absolute inconsistency
A significant difference between restorations or
teeth in the antemortem and postmortem radiographs
are presented that are not explainable by continued
treatment. In fact, they are found to represent an
impossibility in treatment.
CLASSIFICATION OF THE DENTAL
Classification is the last and most important step in
the dental ID process. Five classifications can be used
to establish identity.
The forensic dentist is positive they have
determined the identity of the individual. Radio-
graphic comparisons have been used in the ID process.
Positive Identification by
The forensic dentist feels confident in identifying
the individual, but radiographic comparisons have not
been used in the ID process. The ID is based solely on
the written dental record. This category of ID leaves
open the possibility that errors in the written dental
record may be present and could affect the ID process.
A good probability is the remains are those of the
suspect individual. However, the findings are such
that the forensic dentist is not confident enough to
certify the remains. In this situation there is usually a
deficiency in either the antemortem or postmortem
evidence with which to make a comparison. It may
also be because of a lack of similarities or because of
the presence of too many discrepancies.
Absolute inconsistencies are present. The remains
cannot be those of the suspect individual.
No sufficient evidence exists to determine the
identity of the remains. While it could possibly be the
suspect individual, it could just as easily not be the
individual. Additional information, either antemortem
or postmortem, is required before an identification can
MANAGEMENT OF MASS CASUALTY
Although each mass casualty operation is unique
in many ways, some basic principles are common to all
such missions. First and foremost is recognition that
these operations require a team effort by all
participating parties. Figure 10-9 shows the forensic
team receiving a victim to start the ID process.
While many specialty areas may be represented,
all must work together and exchange information if the
operation is to be a success. For our purposes, we will
divide the participants into members of command/
support elements or members of identification
elements. The command/support elements consist of
The identification elements consist of the following:
THE DENTAL TEAM IN MASS
Like the other elements of the operation, the
different sections of the dental team work together
with a common goal. The basic steps in forensic dental
identification are (1) postmortem examination and