There are several popular extraction forceps for
the mandibular molars, including the #15, #16, #17,
#217, and #222.
FORCEPS #15.Forceps #15 are used to remove
mandibular first and second molars. The beaks have
concave inner surfaces with pointed projection on the
tips. These forceps work well in grasping the crown
with the two projecting tips extending to the
bifurcation between the two roots on mandibular third
molars. The left handle on the #15 has a finger rest.
FORCEPS #16.Forceps #16 are used to remove
mandibular molars. The #16 forceps are nicknamed
mandibular cowhorns when they are open. The left
handle on the #16 has a finger rest.
FORCEPS #17.Forceps #17, like the #15 and
#16 forceps, are used on lower first and second molars.
The beaks of the #17 forceps are similar to the beaks of
the #15 forceps; however, the handle of the #17 is
FORCEPS #217.Forceps #217 are used to
remove mandibular second and third molars (fig.
5-41). The beaks have inner concave surfaces and
pointed projections much like those of the #15 forceps.
The handles have a slight curvature and resemble those
of the #151 forceps.
FORCEPS #222.Forceps #222 are used on
mandibular third molars. The beaks on the #222
forceps are rounded with concave inner surfaces, and
angle sharply from the handle (fig. 5-42).
Figure 5-41.Forceps #217.
Figure 5-42.Forceps #222.
three hawkbill-type forceps: the Mead #MD3, the
#13, and the #22 (fig. 5-43). The Mead #3 forceps are
used on mandibular anteriors and bicuspids, the #13
forceps are used on mandibular first, second
bicuspids, and the #22 forceps on mandibular first,
second, and third molars. The beaks are perpendicular
to the working action of the handles. This design
gives the dentist a great deal of leverage with
minimum effort. The major difference between these
forceps is the width of the beaks, because they are
used to remove different teeth.
FORCEPS #101.Forceps #101 are used to
remove both maxillary and mandibular cuspids,
bicuspids, and any remaining roots (fig. 5-44).
P E D I A T R I C F O R C E P S # 1 5 0 S A N D
#151S.The pediatric forceps #150S is used to
remove maxillary deciduous teeth and is a scaled down
version of the #150. The #151S, a smaller version of
the 151, is used to remove mandibular deciduous teeth.
Both forceps are shown in figure 5-45.
PASSING AND RECEIVING OF SURGICAL
Instrument exchange between the dentist and
assistant takes place in the transfer zone near the