charting, (2) antemortem record acquisition and record
reconstruction, and (3) antemortem and postmortem
record comparison. The dental elements of the team
are described next.
DENTAL TEAM LEADER
The dental team leader (dental officer) performs
the same tasks as the operations chief, only within
the confines of the dental team. He brings back
information to the dental sections and takes inform-
ation to the operations commander and other members
of the ID operation.
The registrar is one of the most important members
of the dental element because he must control and
protect all dental evidence coming into and going out
of the dental area. He logs in and out all evidence,
antemortem and postmortem, keeps track of workload
figures (IDs per day, X-rays taken, photographs made,
etc.), and coordinates with other areas of the operation
to ensure that all potentially valuable sources of dental
information are made available for review by the
Figure 10-9.Receiving a victim.
dental officer or dentist. Figure 10-10 shows a dental
registrar updating a forensic tracking board. He makes
particular efforts to coordinate with personal effects,
medical radiology, and medical examination sections
and keeps the operations registrar updated with
information the dental section needs. He also
maintains and updates the dental exclusion matrix for
use at the close of the operation.
The surgeon's primary job, if needed, is to expose
maxilla and mandible so that the postmortem
examination team can examine and chart the dental
arches. Figure 10-11 shows a maxilla and mandible
that have been completely removed from a casualty.
This is accomplished by removing tissue from around
the oral cavity to expose the teeth, sectioning the ramus
of the mandible and the pterygoid muscle to allow the
release of the lower jaw. Also, making an incision in
the floor of the mouth will release the mylohyoid
muscle to ensure an accurate anatomical placement of
the dental films. This is made by the Dental Technician
who will take radiographs of the appropriate areas.