Figure 5-28.Apical root tip picks (#9L and #9R).
TOOTH EXTRACTION FORCEPS
There are several types of tooth extracting forceps.
Except for those made for some specific operation,
they generally have the same features: beaks, a neck,
and handles, as shown in figure 5-29. The beaks of
tooth extracting forceps are designed to grasp the tooth
with maximum contact on the facial-lingual surface of
the root(s) just below the cervix. The inner surface of
each of the two beaks is concave and the outer surface
Figure 5-29.Parts of forceps.
Tooth extracting forceps are designed for use in
specific areas of the mouth. The beak is always shaped
to conform snugly to the contour of the tooth. For
example, both beaks of maxillary forceps are usually
angled away from the curvature of the handles. These
varying angles make it easier to reach various parts of
the arch. The beaks of mandibular forceps are usually
at a much sharper angle and in the same direction as the
curvature of the handles. This makes it easier to reach
different parts of the lower arch.
Another way of identifying the general area of the
mouth in which tooth extracting forceps should be
used is by its neck. The neck is shaped so that the beak
can be placed on the tooth and still be parallel with the
long axis of the tooth. The handles are shaped so that a
maximum amount of force can be applied to the beaks,
while the handles are still in a comfortable position for
the oral surgeon. The beaks are also shaped so that a
force on the handles tends to force the tooth out of its
The overall shape of the forceps, from the beak to
the handle, can usually provide quick identification of
the arch for which it's designed. The S, I, and Z shaped
forceps are used on the maxillary arch (fig. 5-30).
Forceps which are C and L shaped are used on the
mandibular arch (fig. 5-31).
Figure 5-30.Maxillary shaped extraction forceps.