Figure 13-29.M258A1 skin decontamination kit.
SEVERE SYMPTOMS (BUDDY AID).
Casualties with severe symptoms may experience
most or all of the mild symptoms, plus most or all of
Strange or confused behavior
Increased wheezing and difficulty in breathing
Severely pinpointed pupils
Red eyes and tearing
Severe muscular twitching and general weakness
Involuntary urination and defecation
Casualties with severe symptoms will not be able
to treat themselves and must receive prompt buddy aid
and follow-on medical treatment if they are to survive.
Casualties with moderate poisoning will
experience an increase in the severity of most or all of
the mild symptoms.
Especially prominent will be
fatigue, weakness, and muscle contraction. The
progress of symptoms from mild to moderate
indicates either inadequate treatment or continuing
exposure to the agent.
PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF
NERVE AGENT POISONING
The essential prevention and treatment of nerve
agent poisoning include the following actions:
Donning the protective mask and hood at the
first indication of a nerve agent attack.
Administering atropine and pralidoxime
chloride (2 PAM Cl) as soon as any symptoms
Administering convulsant antidote for nerve
agents (CANA) to moderately or to severely
poisoned casualties. CANA is also referred to as
Removing or neutralizing any liquid
Removing airway secretions if they are
obstructing the airway. Airway suction may be