A sample low residue diet is contained in
A low sodium diet consists of foods con-
taining a very small percentage of sodium, with
no salt added in preparation or by the patient. It
is impossible to prepare an absolutely sodium-
The low sodium diet is indicated when edema
is present, in renal diseases, in hypertension, and
in certain cardiac conditions.
The nephrotic patient is often unable to
excrete sodium in a normal manner. The
kidneys retention of sodium leads to edema.
A low sodium diet is thus indicated, with no
restriction on salt-free fluids. Such patients
should be encouraged to drink 2,000 to 3,000
milliliters (ml) of low sodium fluids daily.
The allowance of sodium in a strict low
sodium diet is 250 to 1000 mg daily. The allowance
of sodium in a moderate low sodium diet is
2000 mg or 2 g. Regular diets with no salt added
contain 2.4 to 4.5 g of sodium.
Any diet in which the amount of sodium is
drastically reduced has possible side effects. The
patient who is on this regimen must be constantly
observed, particularly in warm climates, for
lassitude, complaints of weakness, anorexia,
nausea and vomiting, mental confusion,
abdominal cramps, and aching skeletal muscles.
Milk (2 cups daily), carbo-
nated beverages (1 cup
daily), unsalted fruit juices,
coffee, and tea
Made without baking soda,
baking powder, or salt.
Low sodium baking soda
and baking powder are
allowed. Regular bread
is provided on diets of
2000 mg sodium and above.
Cooked without salt.
Puffed wheat or rice, and
Any desserts made without
salt, baking soda, or
Unsalted butter and mar-
garine, shortening, cream,
oil, or low sodium salad
Any unsalted canned,
cooked, fresh frozen, or
Meat, fish, or fowl pre-
pared without salt or
sodium compounds, such
as meat tenderizers, steak
sauce, and soy sauce
Low sodium including
Pure sugar candy and
jams and jellies made
without sodium benzoate
Salt-free raw, cooked, or
Coffee, cocoa, etc.
Those prepared with salt,
baking soda, or baking
Jam, jelly, or dried fruit
containing sodium benzo-
Canned, salted, or smoked
Cultured buttermilk and
Those prepared with salt
Soy sauce, monosodium
glutamate, and steak sauce
Instant foods; pancakes
and waffles prepared with
salt, baking soda or baking
powder; pickles and olives;
salted condiments; salted
nuts; or peanut butter.