Hydrochlorothiazide (Esidnx, Oretic,
ACTION AND USE. Hydrochlorothiazide
is used for edema associated with congestive heart
failure and other edematous conditions. It is also
used in the management of hypertension as the
sole agent or in combination with other anti-
hypertensive agents. It works by inhibiting the
reabsorption of sodium and chloride in the renal
USUAL DOSE. For edema, give 25 to 200
mg daily. For hypertension, give 25 to 100 mg
daily, depending on the patients response. In
many cases, potassium supplements may be
ACTION AND USE. This drugs use is the
same as hydrochlorothiazide.
USUAL DOSE. Given as a single dose with
food in the morning. For edema, give 100 mg
daily or on alternate days, depending upon the
patient. For hypertension, a dosage above 100 mg
a day does not normally increase effectiveness.
Supplemental potassium should be taken.
ACTION AND USE. A potent diuretic,
furosemide acts on the proximal and distal renal
tubules and on the loop of Henle to promote
diuresis by inhibiting the reabsorption of sodium
and chloride. It is indicated in the treatment of
edema associated with congestive heart failure,
cirrhosis of the liver, and renal disease. It is par-
ticularly useful when greater diuretic potential is
desired and may be used in the treatment of
hypertension alone or in combination with other
anti hypertensive agents.
USUAL DOSE. Dosage is individualized to
the patients needs and responses. For edema, give
20 to 80 mg as a single dose. For hypertension,
initially give 40 mg twice daily, which is adjusted
according to response. Other hypertensive agents
may be added. As blood pressure falls, reduce the
dose. Supplemental potassium should be taken.
ACTION AND USE. Although classified as
a diuretic, the primary indication for this drug is
the treatment of glaucoma to reduce intraocular
USUAL DOSE. 250 mg to 1 g per day,
usually in divided doses.
Triamterene and Hydrochlorothiazide
ACTION AND USE. This combination of
a potassium sparing (Triamterene) and potassium
depleting diuretic is often more effective than
either drug alone. It has the same indications as
USUAL DOSE. 1 to 2 capsules twice daily
after meals. Supplemental potassium is NOT
NON-NARCOTIC ANALGESICS AND
Analgesics are drugs that relieve pain without
producing unconsciousness or impairing mental
capacities. Many of these drugs also have an anti-
pyretic and/or an anti-inflammatory effect. Anti-
pyretics are drugs that lower increased body
temperatures. Included in this group are the non-
Aspirin (ASA, Cama, Ascriptin, Ecotrin,
ACTION AND USE. Aspirin is still the
most economical analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-
inflammatory agent available. Some preparations
have an antacid-type buffer to assist in the reduc-
tion of gastric irritation. It is an analgesic for mild
to moderate pain and an effective antipyretic.
Aspirin is also indicated for various inflammatory
conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis,
USUAL DOSE. For analgesic and anti-
pyretic purposes, give 325 to 650 mg every 4 hours
as needed. For anti-inflammatory purposes, give
up to 5.2 g per day in divided doses with food
or milk. NOTE: Aspirin is contraindicated in pep-
tic ulcer disease. It acts as a gastric mucosal irri-
tant and has an anticoagulant effect.
ACTION AND USE. This drug is similar to
aspirin, but it has no anti-inflammatory action.
It is available as tablets, elixir, drops, or capsules
and is useful in aspirin sensitive patients.