Small objects that are lodged on the surface
of the eye or on the membrane lining the eyelids
can usually be removed by the following
Try to wash the eye gently with lukewarm,
sterile water. A sterile medicine dropper or
a sterile syringe can be used for this pur-
pose. Have the victim lie down, with the
head turned slightly to one side as shown
in figure 4-46. Hold the eyelids apart.
Direct the flow of water to the INSIDE cor-
ner of the eye, and let it run down to the
OUTSIDE corner. Do not let the water fall
directly onto the eyeball.
Gently pull the lower lid down, and instruct
the victim to look up. If you can see the
object, try to remove it with the corner of
a clean handkerchief or with a small moist
cotton swab. You can make the swab by
twisting cotton around a wooden ap-
plicator, not too tightly, and moistening it
with sterile water. CAUTION: Never use
DRY cotton anywhere near the eye. It will
stick to the eyeball or to the inside of the
lids, and you will have the problem of
removing it, as well as the original object.
If you cannot see the object when the lower
victim to look down. Place the applicator
lengthwise across the center of the upper
lid. Grasp the lashes of the upper lid gently
but firmly. Press gently with the applicator.
Pull up on the eyelashes, turning the lid
back over the applicator. If you can see the
object, try to remove it with a moist cot-
ton swab or with the corner of a clean
If the foreign object cannot be removed by
any of the above methods, YOU MUST
NOT MAKE ANY FURTHER AT-
TEMPTS TO REMOV EIT. Instead, place
a small, thick gauze dressing over both eyes
and hold it in place with a LOOSE ban-
dage. This limits movement of the injured
e y e .
Get medical help for the victim at the
Head wounds must be treated with particular
care, since there is always the possibility of brain
damage. The general treatment for head wounds
is the same as that for other fresh wounds.
However, certain special precautions must be
observed if you are giving first aid to a person
who has suvvered a head wound.
lid is pulled down, turn-the upper lid back
over a smooth wooden applicator. Tell the
NEVER GIVE ANY MEDICINE.
Keep the victim lying flat, with the head
at the level of the body. Do not raise the
feet if the face is flushed. If the victim is
having trouble breathing, you may raise the
If the wound is at the back of the head,
turn the victim on his or her side.
Watch closely for vomiting and postiion
the head to avoid aspiration of vomitus or
saliva into the lungs.
Do not use direct pressure to control
hemorrhage if the skull is depressed or ob-
Wounds of the face are treated, in general, like
other fresh wounds. However, in all facial injuries
make sure the tongue or injured sodt tissue does
not block the airway, causing a breathing obstruc-
tion. Keep the nose and throat clear of any
obstructing materials and postion the victim so
that blood will drain out fo the mouth and nose.
Figure 4-46.-Irrigating the eye.