Figure 4-44.Cravat bandage for the axilla.
(ARMPIT). This cravat is used to hold a com-
press in the axilla. It is similar to the bandage
used to control bleeding from the axilla. Place
the center of the bandage in the axilla over the
com-press and carry the ends up over the top of
the shoulder and cross them. Continue across
the back and chest, to the opposite axilla and tie
them. Do not tie too tightly or the axillary artery
will be compressed. adversely affecting the
circulation of the arm (fig. 4-44).
A battle dressing is a combination compress and
bandage in which a sterile gauze pad is fastened
to a gauze, muslin, or adhesive bandage. Most
Navy first aid kits contain both large and small
battle dressings of this kind (fig. 4-45).
Any part of a dressing that is to come in direct
contact with a wound should be absolutely sterile,
i.e., it should be free from microorganisms. The
dressings that you will find in first aid kits have
been sterilized, However, if you touch them with
your fingers, your clothes, or any other unsterile
object, they are no longer sterile. If you drag a
dressing across the victims skin or allow it to slip
after it is in place, the dressing is no longer sterile.
A special kind of infection that must be
guarded against in case of animal bites is rabies
Figure 4-45.Battle dressing.