USUAL DOSE. 5 to 20 ml 1 hour after each
meal and at bedtime.
Alumina, Magnesia, and Simethicone Oral
Suspension (Mylanta, Gelusil)
ACTION AND USE. This drug coats the
stomach lining, neutralizes gastric acid, and
USUAL DOSE. 5 to 10 ml 1 hour after
meals and at bedtime.
ACTION AND USE. Magaldrate is the
same as alumina and magnesia oral suspension,
but is has a lower sodium content.
USUAL DOSE. 5 to 10 ml between meals
and at bedtime.
Astringents are drugs that cause shrinkage of
the skin and mucous membranes. They act by
precipitating the proteins on the surface layer of
the skin and mucus membranes. Their main use
is to stop seepage, weeping, or discharge from
Aluminum Acetate Topical Solution
ACTION AND USE. This drug is an astrin-
gent wet dressing for the relief of inflammatory
conditions of the skin, such as poison ivy, swell-
ings and bruises, insect bites, athletes foot, or
other environmental skin conditions and for
superficial external otitis.
USUAL DOSE. Topical, in a 1:10 to 1:40
ACTION AND USE. Calamine lotion is
used in the treatment of various skin afflictions
in the same way as aluminum acetate. It is an
astringent and protective, which is used externally.
It should not be applied to blistered, raw, or
oozing areas of the skin.
USUAL DOSE. Apply to the affected area
two to four times daily and at bedtime.
An adsorbent is a drug that attaches another
substance to its surface. These drugs are used to
adsorb undesirable substances.
Activated Charcoal USP
ACTION AND USE. This drug forms an ef-
fective barrier between any remaining particulate
material and the gastrointestinal mucosa, thus in-
hibiting gastrointestinal absorption. It is used as
an emergency treatment in poisoning by most
drugs and chemicals.
USUAL DOSE. 30 to 100 g within 30
minutes after ingestion of toxic substances. It is
administered as a slurry and ingested by the pa-
tient or administered through a nasogastric or
Emollients are bland or fatty substances that
may be applied to the skin to make it more pliable
and soft, and may also serve as vehicles for ap-
plication of other medicinal substances. They are
available as ointments, creams, or lotions. Ex-
amples not discussed include Keri-Lotion,
Eucerin-Lotion, and Lubriderm.
Cocoa Butter (Theobroma Oil)
ACTION AND USE. Cocoa butter is an ex-
cellent emollient with a pleasant odor. It is ideal
for the treatment of chapped skin and lips,
cracked nipples, or minor irritated or abraded skin
Hydrous Wool Fat (Lanolin)
ACTION AND USE. This is a smooth
creamy ointment of wool fat. It is an ideal
emollient for dry, scaly skin conditions.
Petrolatum (Petroleum Jelly)
ACTION AND USE. Petrolatum is a highly
occlusive and good emollient. It may not release
some drugs when used as an ointment base.
Zinc Oxide Ointment
ACTION AND USE. This is a white petro-
latum containing approximately 20 percent zinc